There are only two real factions in politics: Individualism (individual liberty) and Collectivism (statism).
Individualism regards man, every man, as an independent, sovereign entity who possesses an inalienable right to his own life, a right derived from his nature as a rational being.
Individualism holds that a civilized society, or any form of association, cooperation or peaceful coexistence among men, can be achieved only on the basis of the recognition of individual rights, and that a group, as such, has no rights other than the individual rights of its members.
Do not make the mistake of the ignorant who think that an individualist is a man who says: I’ll do as I please at everybody else’s expense.
An individualist is a man who recognizes the inalienable individual rights of man, his own and those of others.
An individualist is a man who says: I will not run anyone’s life, nor let anyone run mine. I will not rule nor be ruled. I will not be a master nor a slave. I will not sacrifice myself to anyone, nor sacrifice anyone to myself.
Collectivism means the subjugation of the individual to a group, whether to a race, class or state does not matter. Collectivism holds that man must be chained to collective action and collective thought for the sake of what is called the common good.
Collectivism holds that the individual has no rights, that his life and work belong to the group . . . and that the group may sacrifice him at its own whim to its own interests. The only way to implement a doctrine of that kind is by means of brute force—and statism has always been the political corollary of collectivism.
Fascism and communism are not two opposites, but two rival gangs fighting over the same territory . . . both are variants of statism, based on the collectivist principle that man is the rightless slave of the state.
The factions are neither left or right, but freedom or slavery (aka tyranny of some sort.)
A necessary evil called government is needed to protect our freedoms. It is for this purpose that governments are established; with the consent of the governed.
On this basis, all politics is about Freedom, the government’s freedom or the members of society's freedom.